Praise poured in from all corners, with most like Sen. Kyrsten Sinema, D-Ariz., who said Powell “represented the best of America.”
“As a soldier, diplomat, and dedicated public servant, General Powell put our country before political partisanship and worked every day to make it a stronger and safer place,” Sinema said in a statement shared on Twitter.
But others tempered their praise by pointing to Powell’s 2003 speech to the United Nations insisting that Iraq had weapons of mass destruction, which was an important step toward the war against that country.
Brooks Simpson, a Foundation Professor of History at Arizona State University, said it was Powell who set the policy that came to be known as the Powell Doctrine, which said the U.S. should not go to war without a well-defined threat to national security, support from the public and sufficient forces to carry out the mission.
“He violated that very doctrine when he advised the United States to invade Iraq,” Simpson said. “Powell himself realized that it was a major mistake on his part, he should have gone ahead and stayed with his instincts.”
But Simpson called that the “one simple failure” that marred an otherwise exemplary record, that ranged from tours in Vietnam to being mentioned as a possible presidential candidate in the 1990s – and getting three Electoral College votes for president in 2016.
Powell, the son of Jamaican immigrants, was raised in New York City and attended the City College of New York as a ROTC candidate. He was “not a West Pointer,” which made his rise in the Army that much more remarkable, Simpson said.
“ROTC is a fine way to be an officer, or maybe even a general, but you would never imagine that a ROTC graduate would become a chair of the Joint Chiefs of Staff,” Simpson said Monday.
Powell was named national security adviser under President Ronald Reagan and then served as chairman of the joint chiefs, first under President George H.W. Bush and continuing for several years under President Bill Clinton. In 2001, he became secretary of state under President George W. Bush, serving until 2005. After leaving the government, he helped found America’s Promise, a nonprofit that works to improve the lives of American youths.
President Joe Biden said Monday that while he was a senator he worked with Powell as national security adviser, joint chiefs chairman and secretary of state and said that Powell “embodied the highest ideals of both warrior and diplomat.”
This was echoed by Sen. Mark Kelly, D-Ariz., who said Powell “spent his life serving our country.”
“He was an example of solid leadership for generations of servicemembers, including myself,” said Kelly, a Navy veteran.
Rep. Andy Biggs, R-Gilbert, tweeted that America will never forget Powell’s “dedication to this country, and Gov. Doug Ducey called Powell’s death “a great loss for our nation.”
“He had a steadfast commitment to America and our national security,” Ducey tweeted, before listing all of Powell’s roles in government service.
Simpson said Powell’s achievements were impressive.
“His successes include his rise to high command rank and chair of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in 1989, later the first African American to serve as secretary of state between 2001 and 2005, and he’ll be remembered for his wise military service during the first Gulf War,” Simpson said.
In the military, he said, Powell was a highly respected, well-liked commander, who was a “sort of a golden boy in American politics and in American military, until his unfortunate tenure as secretary of state.”
“Powell will be remembered as someone who was in the ‘Hall of Very Good,’ he would have been in the ‘Hall of Great’ … until the events of his tenure as secretary of state,” Simpson said.
-Cronkite News reporter Balin Overstolz-McNair contributed to this report from Phoenix.